Professor and Head, Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering
The Pennsylvania State University
This presentation summarizes the work in a Department of Energy funded pilot-scale project aimed at producing hydrogen from biomass at a target cost of $2.30/kg H2 by 2015 (vs. $3.80/kg H2 in 2003). The hydrogen production process involved pyrolysis of the biomass followed by catalytic steam reforming of the gas and bio-oil products. Successful operation of the pilot unit for 100 hours demonstrated technical feasibility of the process, discovered agricultural uses of the carbon product, and identified economical co-product options for the bio-oils. Use of the reformer gas in an engine resulted in significant reduction of NOX.